Securing a load properly is important for Safety and delivering a product in great condition. Every year millions of dollars of damaged product is lost due to loads not being secured correctly. But most important is the safety of the driver and the general public.
Importance of Cargo Securement
It is important to have trust in your load. Let’s look at some of the various reasons.
Cargo Securement Flatbeds
Good securement stars by making sure you have safe and clean trailer
When getting your cargo loaded it is important to be diligent making sure there is no damage inflicted by a forklift or other heavy equipment. Communication with the person loading your cargo is the key.
Basic responsibilities at the shipper
In this segment we will talk about federal regulations governing cargo securement which are 392.9 and part 393 of the Federal motor Cargo Safety Regulations
Included is inspecting your load and equipment used to secure cargo. Inspecting and adjusting the load within the first 50 miles of any delivery.
And continually adjusting and securing cargo as needed during trip.
Three necessary steps to reexamine a load are
Whenever you pick up an already loaded trailer make sure to inspect the cargo is loaded securely and safely and all equipment is in good working order.
This section covers important definitions and requirements regarding cargo securement.
393.100 Regulations require that cargo must be loaded and secured as such that prevents it from leaking,spilling,blowing,and falling
Cargo must be secured to prevent it from shifting so it does not affect the stability of the vehicle.
393.102: The means of securing articles of cargo are considered to meet the performance requirements under & sect;393.102(a) if the cargo is:
393.106: The aggregate working load limit of tie-downs used to secure an article or group of articles against movement must be at least one-half times the weight of the article or group of articles. The aggregate working load limit is the sum of:
393.110: Determining the minimum number of tie-downs required.
Agency Policy: Section 393.110(a) is applicable when tie-downs are used as part of a cargo securement system. Is applicable when blocking or bracing are being relied upon to help prevent shifting or falling of articles of cargo.
When tie-downs are used as part of a cargo securement system, the minimum number of tie-downs required to secure an article or group of articles against movement depends on the length of the article(s) being secured, and the requirements of paragraphs (b) and (c) of this section. These requirements are in addition to the rules under §393.106.(b) When an article is not blocked or positioned to prevent movement in the forward direction by a headerboard, bulkhead, other cargo that is positioned to prevent movement, or other appropriate blocking devices, it must be secured by at least:(1) One tie-down for articles 5 feet (1.52 meters) or less in length, and 1,100 pounds (500 kg) or less in weight;(2) Two tie-downs if the article is:(i) 5 feet (1.52 meters) or less in length and more than 1,100 pounds (500 kg) in weight; or(ii) Longer than 5 feet (1.52 meters) but less than or equal to 10 feet (3.04 meters) in length, irrespective of the weight.(3) Two tie-downs if the article is longer than 10 feet (3.04 meters), and one additional tie-down for every 10 feet (3.04 meters) of article length, or fraction thereof, beyond the first 10 feet (3.04 meters) of length.(c) If an individual article is blocked, braced, or immobilized to prevent movement in the forward direction by a headerboard, bulkhead, other articles which are adequately secured or by an appropriate blocking or immobilization method, it must be secured by at least one tie-down for every 3.04 meters (10 feet) of article length, or fraction thereof.
In addition you need to be aware of State weight regulations gross and individual axle weight. There are also states that require covering requirement. Always check with your dispatcher regarding any state requirements.
Tie-downs and tarping
Cargo on flat bed trailers needs tie-downs. There are a variety of tie-downs available and various made out of a variety materials chain, wire rope, steel strap and fiber rope. When using tie-downs always know the working load limit and how many to use for the specific load you are transporting.
Chain safety is very important do not stand on load when using. Always make sure binder is in the correct position with lever pulling down. Safety is the most important part use a hardhat safety glasses and gloves.
Use of a tarp depends on two things company policy and type of cargo being transported.
Driver Behavior is an important part of transporting a secure and safe load. The way you drive determines how your load will react. Braking suddenly could because you load to shift and possibly become loose. Driving excessively around turns could cause your load to fall off causing extensive damage. It is important to always be aware of your environment and drive defensively maintaining safe distances, driving at an adequate speed and constantly observing for potential hazards.